What can you do with a computer science degree? Jobs,Salary

In today’s digital world, computer science has become an important subject that everyone needs to learn. 

Related knowledge and computational thinking skills are the most important for developing innovative digital technologies, understanding modern society, and obtaining relevant qualifications in this field.

What is computer science ?

  • English name: Computer Science
  • Abbreviation : CS

Computer Science (CS) is a discipline that systematically studies the theoretical basis of information and calculations and how they are implemented and applied in computer systems. 

It is often described as the systematic learning of algorithms that create, describe, and transform information. In layman’s terms, this profession is what we often call “code farmers“.

Computer science is a scientific and practical method for computing and its applications .

What does it mean?

This is a state of mind. This is thinking that can help you lead different plans and build different things. This is an attitude that you can teach and learn. Moreover, it takes time to learn.

Calculation is an act or process. Calculate an activity based on any goal, and you can also benefit from it, or the process of creating a set of algorithms, such as through a computer.

Its application is very extensive. The research it involves includes:

  • Data, data structure and algorithm
  • Principles of computer architecture-hardware and software
  • Methods of problem solving and design
  • Computer-related topics, such as numerical analysis, operations research, artificial intelligence
  • Language design, structure and translation skills

Computer science knowledge can also provide students with a foundation to lay career goals.

Branches of computer science

Generally speaking, there is no absolute field division within the computer profession. If we insist on distinguishing work, we can roughly divide it into ten categories:

1. Software engineering : mainly divided into software design, programming language and software testing. It belongs to the general direction of CS. There are many places for admission and a certain amount of scholarships. The job market is broad, but the salary is not too high.

2. Database : It is very related to the current cloud data and big data. After graduation, you can be a database management engineer, but you need a certain amount of work experience. The programming requirements are not high .

3. Computer network : The scope of study is relatively large, and the scope of employment is broad . Equipment vendors, operators and third-party software developers will all open relevant positions. The application competition is relatively fierce, and other majors can also apply.

4. Artificial intelligence : a comprehensive subject, which requires a higher academic background in computer science. It is difficult to find a counterpart job , but you can find a related job.

5. Computer graphics/multimedia : Intersect with artificial intelligence, computer networks and software engineering. Need to learn computer imaging, three-dimensional animation, network image dissemination, etc. After graduation, you can go to a game design company or a film and video production company.

6. Algorithm : Interdisciplinary, in addition to the academic background of computer science, it is best to have a certain background in biology, physics and chemistry. Many people will become programmers after graduation .

7. System architecture : This major is related to hardware and requires a certain academic background in digital circuits. It’s more tiring to learn, not just need to write code.But the jobs are easy to find, & equipment manufacturers need such talents.

8. Human-computer interaction : speech recognition and alphago are actually the products of human-computer interaction. This is an interactive discipline of computer science, behavioral science, ergonomics, and design. Work experience is more important when applying.It is so difficult to find counterpart job after graduation.

9. Computational theory : a theoretical subject. It’s not easy to find a job .

10. Information Science : Research and everything related to information.The number of the admissions is limited and it is difficult to find a job.

Common DegreeBS,MS,PHD
Typical occupation and salaryProgrammer: $80,930*(2)
Application software developer:
$96,260*(3)
Web Developer: $67,540*(4)
Visa sensitivityNo
High school course
preparation
Science
Professional fieldScience & Engineering
Related rankings2015USNEWS computer science
ranking
2014QS Computer Science world ran
king

Science field

As a discipline, computer science covers the theoretical research and computational limits of algorithms, to how to implement computing systems through hardware and software

The CSAB (formerly known as Computing Sciences Accreditation Board), composed of representatives of Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) and IEEE Computer Society (IEEE-CS), established 4 main areas of computer science disciplines: computing theory, algorithm and data structure , Programming methods and programming languages, as well as computer elements and architecture. 

CSAB has also established some other important areas, such as software engineering, artificial intelligence, computer networks and communications, database systems, parallel computing, distributed computing, human-computer interaction, machine translation, computer graphics, operating systems, and numerical integration. Symbolic calculation.

Theoretical computer

Generalized theoretical computer science includes classical calculation theory and other calculations that focus on more abstract, logical and mathematical aspects.

Computational theory

According to Peter J. Denning, the most fundamental question of computer science is “What can be effectively automated?”

The research of computational theory focuses on answering this fundamental question, about what can be calculated, and what is needed to implement these calculations.

How many resources. In an attempt to answer the first question, recursion theory tests which of the various theoretical calculation models is solvable.

The computational complexity theory is used to answer the second question, studying the time & space consumption of solving a computational problem with a different purpose.

The famous “P=NP?” problem, one of the problems of the Millennium Award, is an open problem in computational theory.

Information Coding Theory

Information theory is related to information quantification and was created by Claude E. Shannon to find the fundamental limits of signal processing operations, such as compressed data and reliable data storage and communication. 

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Coding theory is the study of codes and their specific application properties. Code is used for data compression, cryptography, forward error correction, and also used for network coding.

The purpose of studying coding is to design a more efficient & reliable data transmission method.

Algorithm

Algorithm refers to a well-defined calculation process. It takes one or a set of values ​​as input, and after a series of well-defined calculation processes, one or a set of outputs is obtained. 

Algorithm is an important field of computer science research, and it is also the foundation of many other computer science technologies

Algorithms mainly include data structure, computational geometry, graph theory, etc. 

In addition, the algorithm also includes many miscellaneous items, such as pattern matching, partial number theory, etc.

Programming theory

Programming language theory is a branch of computer science, which mainly deals with the design, implementation, analysis, description and classification of programming languages, as well as their individual characteristics. 

It belongs to the discipline of computer science, and it affects and affects mathematics, software engineering, and linguistics.

It is a recognized branch of the computer science and an active research field. Research results have been published in many academic journals, computer science and engineering publications.

what can you do with a computer science degree?

The question is what can i do with a computer science degree?

1.Should I start my own business?

I graduated from Stanford University and live in Silicon Valley, so I can’t escape the stereotype of “entrepreneurship”.Some of the people think that I am an “entrepreneur type.”Some people even made me their co-founder.

I have moved my heart more than once. The idea of ​​building a company from scratch is very tempting.

There no doubt that I will also learn a lot & not only about the problem I want to solve but also how to motivate people to work with me, how to raise funds, how to run an organization, how to sell products…

I have many friends They all have their own startup companies, and they have a lot of life content, but they are by no means boring. Moreover, the probability of them becoming billionaires is much higher than mine.

We often read the news about a certain 20-year-old entrepreneur raising millions of dollars, which makes us feel simple. “Even apps like Yo can get $1.5 million!” Someone once explained to me why I should start a business based on this.

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But I have seen too many friends’ entrepreneurial lives. I know that this kind of life is very stressful, cruel and ruthless, and will be restricted by many external factors. Quite a few of my friends’ startups have failed.

Even though they are very smart & have great ideas,they have received support from well-known investors.

Whenever I feel bad,I will call these entrepreneurial friends and see them struggling hard,I will be very happy that I am not them.

I may be in the minority in this regard, but I think: starting a business for the sake of starting a business is unreasonable and a complete waste of time.

Before I had the following three things, I would not start my own company:

  • A problem that I hope to devote my life to solve.
  • Believe that you can solve this problem.
  • A co-founder I can too work with for a long time-neither of us will try to murder each other.

Currently, I don’t have any of these three items yet, so wait and see. I also think that working for others for a few years will make me better prepared for my own career-both financially and technically.

The most common jobs for computer science

Computer technology has shaped our world, and it touches almost every sector of contemporary society. 

Therefore, computer science is one of the fastest growing fields, and it is expected to remain in this state for the foreseeable future. With a degree in computer science, you can find yourself working in various organizations, assisting in the development of software, maintaining databases or creating websites. 

There are also employment opportunities in other fields such as finance, law enforcement, and design.

1. Application software developer

Software engineering is undoubtedly one of the fastest growing industries and one of the best career choices for computer science majors. 

Application software developers can work for various companies or organizations, design, install, test and maintain applications for computers and smartphones. 

The best app developers are creative thinkers who may work on creating anything from word processors to digital workspaces to video games. 

If you are interested in becoming a software developer, the first step is to learn the basics of coding and familiarize yourself with common programming languages. 

Normally, everything you need to enter the field has obvious programming skills, although a bachelor’s degree will definitely set you apart from the competition.

Median annual salary: $101,790

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 4%

2. Computer hardware engineer

Computer hardware engineers are computer scientists who use computer hardware-computer components such as circuit boards, storage devices, and processors. 

Their task is to design, develop and test new hardware. To obtain entry-level positions in this field, you usually need a bachelor’s degree in computer science or electrical engineering. 

Because computer hardware engineers often need to use software, it is usually expected that hardware engineers have an in-depth understanding of computer programming.

Median annual salary: $115,120

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 22%

3. Web developer

Web developers are hired by clients or by companies to design and create websites. They may create the basic framework and structure of a website (called back-end development), its layout and general appearance (called front-end development), or both. 

Web developers usually work closely with their customers to understand and realize their vision for the website. Depending on the type of business, this usually involves deciding on the types of graphics and applications needed to make the website run optimally. 

To become a web developer does not require formal education, but you must have a deep understanding of programming and graphic design. 

A bachelor’s degree in computer science with a graphic design course will provide aspiring web developers with a solid foundation to enter the job market.

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Median annual salary: $67,990

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 21%

4. System software developer

System software developers create and modify software that controls the basic functions of a computer, telephone, or any other computer hardware. 

They develop and edit computer operating systems, keyboard or printer device drivers, programming language translators or firmware in large teams. 

System software developers are often one of the software developers with the most education, the most experience, and the highest income. 

Entry-level positions can usually be obtained through a bachelor’s degree, but some positions may require an advanced degree.

Median annual salary: $107,600

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 13%

5. Computer Systems Analyst

Computer systems analysts work at the intersection of computer science and business. They are employed by a company to integrate new technologies into their systems. 

They are responsible for formulating the company’s strategy for how best to use technology in accordance with its long-term goals and economic interests. 

Employers usually look for candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science or business. 

Although not always necessary, a Master of Business Administration (MBA) can provide candidates with an advantage. 

It is also often hoped that candidates have an in-depth understanding of the specific industry in which they seek employment.

Median annual salary: $88,270

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 1%

6. Network and computer system administrator

Network and computer system administrators are employed by almost all types of businesses and organizations. 

They are responsible for organizing, installing and maintaining the organization’s computer system. 

The system administrator is the key to the daily operation of each office, monitoring the system and solving any problems. 

A job as a network and computer system administrator can lead to a job as a computer network architect, who not only maintains but also develops these communication networks. 

A bachelor’s degree in computer science is sufficient to enter the field. You may also need to obtain certification for the product you are using.

Median annual salary: $81,100

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 3%

7. Quantitative Analyst

Computer science students interested in financial work may consider a career as a quantitative analyst. 

Quantitative analysts, or “quantum”, because they are often referred to as financial industry, experts in financial securities. Known as a rocket scientist in the financial world, Quants is usually employed by hedge funds and investment banks, responsible for the highly challenging work of developing complex models, allowing companies to use their knowledge to price and trade financial securities. 

Mathematics, computer science and finance. Due to the high level of expertise required for the position and the competitiveness of the job market, most people have a doctorate degree in a related field.

Median annual salary: $84,300

General entry-level degree: Master

The robot may accept your job: 23%

8. Forensic Computer Analyst

Forensic computer analysts work with law enforcement agencies to investigate cybercrime and analyze computers that may be related to the crime. 

Forensic computer analysts are usually involved in restoring data or documents and investigating the computer’s network history in order to seek evidence that will help the investigation. 

A bachelor’s degree in computer science is a common requirement for this position. Aspiring forensic computer analysts usually have a criminology or criminal justice background. 

Some organizations may require certification provided by the International Association of Forensic Computer Examiners (ISFCE) or the International Association of Computer Investigation Experts (IACIS).

Median annual salary: $57,850

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 1%

9. Multimedia artist or animator

Computer science students interested in creative work may consider working in multimedia art and design or animation. 

Multimedia artists develop graphics, designs, and visual effects for TV, movies, video games, websites, and other types of media. 

A bachelor’s degree in computer science can help you prepare for a career in this field, although you also need a strong background in art, design, and computer graphics. 

Applicants need a strong investment portfolio that you can develop in the classroom, through freelance or your own time.

Median annual salary: $70,530

General entry-level degree: Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 1.5%

10. Computer and Information Research Scientist

Computer and information scientists are computer science experts. 

They spend a day researching and designing new methods of computer technology, usually in the fields of data science, robotics or programming, and sometimes in more specialized fields such as biomedical technology. 

This job requires a deep understanding of computational theory, so in most cases, an advanced degree in computer science or a related field-whether it is a master’s degree or a doctorate degree-is necessary.

Median annual salary: $114,520

General entry-level degree: Master

The robot may accept your job: 2%

11. Database administrator

Database administrators are employed by various companies to compile, store, and organize data. 

They are responsible for ensuring the security of sensitive data, creating and maintaining databases, preventing data loss by backing up the database, and viewing customers or data analysts who can easily access the database. 

The typical requirements for this position are a bachelor’s degree in computer science and a deep understanding of database languages.

Median annual salary: $87,020

General entry-level degree:Bachelor’s degree

The robot may accept your job: 3%

12. University professor

Computer science students can continue to study their subject and pursue a career as a professor to train the next generation of software developers and hardware engineers. 

Since computer scientists usually work in fields outside of academia, there are relatively few doctoral degrees in this field. With the high demand for computer science degree, there is a general shortage of computer science professor, the professor with easy access to other areas. 

Like most positions in academia, a master’s degree usually needs to be taught after middle school, and a doctorate is usually required to earn a tenure professorship.

Median annual salary: $78,630

General entry-level degree:master’s degree/doctorate degree

The robot may accept your job: 3%

10 famous people who study computer science

  1. Mark Anderson
  2. Anousheh Ansari, engineer
  3. Carol Bartz, Commercial Director
  4. Sergey Brin
  5. Jimmy Fallon, comedian
  6. De Hastings
  7. Marisa Mayer
  8. Larry Page, entrepreneur
  9. Eric Schmidt
  10. Mark Zuckerberg

Summary

Hello,guys if you want to know more details about computer science,just comment below.i will update this article with more details.:)

Also read : What is Application Software? System Software and Application Software

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