How To Get Rid Of Dandruff: Causes and Remedies

Before we discuss “how to get rid of dandruff” at first we have to know the reasons behind it.

It happens to almost all of us at one time or another in our life and even some several times a year. We are wearing a dark sweater and suddenly we see little white flakes on our shoulders(dandruff) . And there is panic! 

We shake ourselves a bit, we scratch our heads… and it gets worse! It practically becomes an OCD . The urge to scratch becomes uncontrollable and the itching occurs more and more. 

Where Does Dandruff Come From?

In some cases, dandruff is the result of a dry scalp. They can also be caused by a microscopic fungus living in our scalp which remains inactive most of the time. It is when it proliferates that we face a problem.

The scalp cells, which are usually renewed about once a month, then start to regenerate in an accelerated fashion, causing an accumulation of dead skin and creating scales that come to dot our hairstyle.

The fascinating little mushroom, known as “pityriasis“, feeds on fatty acids found in sebum. It then creates other acids that irritate the skin of scalp, which explains the itching with this white flake. Scalp defense? Even more cell production, which only worsens the situation.

The scalp changes skin after about twenty days, but this usual cycle can be disturbed or even shortened in some cases. The cells cannot therefore be eliminated as they should, causing dandruff to appear.

Several internal or external factors can be linked to this: stress, washing hair too often or too far apart, regular brushings that are too hot, an unbalanced diet, severe fatigue. So many phenomena that are part of everyday life but which, with the appearance of dandruff, can be further accentuated.

Recommended to read: Hair Care Tips: How often should you wash your Hair?

Likewise, pollution, cigarette smoke or prolonged stays in chlorinated water can upset the balance of the scalp. Finally, the frequent wearing of hats, caps or caps can also contribute to weaken the epidermis.

The first solutions to overcome this vicious circle are therefore found in our rhythm of life, quite simply.get rid of dandruff fast tips 🙂

What causes dandruff?

Whatever its form, dandruff is disturbing. Fans of dark clothes who know this problem will be unanimous: they are unsightly, and their presence embarrasses. Even more, the accumulation of scales can end up causing more or less pronounced itching.

Difficult then to refrain from scratching. However, this is what will cause irritation and damage to the scalp. This increased sensitivity risks further promoting the formation of dandruff: a vicious circle then sets in. However, it is never too late to get things back in hand quickly.


There are two kinds of dandruff: dry and oily.
It is important to distinguish between the two,
as they are not treated the same way.


Dry dandruff is small and white. These are the ones that we see appear on our shoulders and our clothes: they fall like little snowflakes (but less pretty!) When we comb our hair or shake our hair. This dandruff is common in people with normal or dry scalps. 

These are the most common and fortunately are rather easily treated with anti-dandruff shampoo. Shampoos for treating dandruff have evolved a lot and make hair ultra soft and shiny in addition to eradicating unwanted flakes. Alleluia!


Oily dandruff is noticeably larger than dry dandruff. They clump together and stick to the scalp, suffocating it and can even lead to long-term hair loss. Oily dandruff is also more likely to be itchy. This condition being more difficult to control, some people will have to turn to the care of a dermatologist.

How to deal with dandruff

If dandruff is noticeable, take the following remedies. If you continue to have a lot of dandruff, or if you have other symptoms of concern besides dandruff, see a dermatologist as soon as possible.

Basic remedy

If you scrub with your nails because the dandruff is attached to your scalp, not only will the dandruff come off, but you will also damage your scalp, so be careful.

If you see dry dandruff, it’s a sign that your scalp is dry. Choose a shampoo that is mild, and after washing your hair, use a scalp lotion or cream to keep your scalp moisturized.

In addition, the dry scalp has a reduced barrier function, making it more susceptible to external stimuli. Protect your scalp from irritation by wearing a breathable hat to avoid UV rays and wiping your sweat diligently.

When you see greasy dandruff, it is a sign that you are over-secreting sebum. While washing your hair diligently, be careful not to run out of B vitamins that help control sebum.

How to get rid of dandruff? Remedies

Get rid of dandruff: Dry dandruff is the most common but also the easiest to treat. Beyond a well-deserved rest to lower your stress level, you also need to take care of your hair. For this, there is no need to use a multitude of treatments. Moisturizing your scalp and washing with anti-dandruff shampoos suitable for dry hair may be enough.

For oily dandruff, on the other hand, things get tough. It is wiser to use shampoos containing zinc pyrithione. This treatment can be accompanied by pro-vitamin A or vitamins C and E.

There are also grandmother’s remedies like the Purifying Salt Scrub . About twice a week, we massage our scalp with sea salt that we use for cooking. This allows in particular to stimulate blood circulation, which therefore promotes hair growth and helps to cleanse the scalp.

We simply choose an anti-dandruff shampoo that will stop the too rapid proliferation of microorganisms responsible for dandruff.

These usually contain zinc pyrithione ; either an anti-fungal and antibacterial compound, salicylic acid (dissolves dander), ketoconazole (antifungal) and sometimes coal tar (anti-inflammatory). Some also peel off dandruff with exfoliating agents.

It is recommended to apply these products twice a week for maximum effectiveness.

In order to avoid recurrence, it is preferable not to use aggressive products for the hair and to limit aggressive actions that could weaken your scalp. Eating a good balanced diet and reducing stress would also be beneficial.

Also Read: How Do you Get rid of Beard Dandruff: Causes & Solution

If your problem is still not getting resolved then you can consult with a nearby dermatologist. If you want to consult with Dermatologist or dandruff specialist online, click here


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