What is a Host or Web Hosting? Types, Benefits or How to Host Website

Web hosting refers to the service provided by a hosting company or provider that enables individuals and organizations to make their websites accessible on the internet.

It involves storing website files, data, and content on servers that are connected to the internet, allowing visitors to access and view the website through a web browser.

Web hosting companies typically provide the infrastructure, hardware, software, and network connectivity required to keep websites running smoothly. They allocate server space, bandwidth, and resources to host the website files and make them available to internet users.

When a user types a website’s domain name in a web browser, the browser sends a request to the web hosting server, which responds by delivering the requested website files to the user’s browser.

The hosting server handles tasks such as processing HTTP requests, serving web pages, handling databases, managing email accounts, and ensuring the website’s availability and security.

Web hosting services can vary in terms of features, performance, support, pricing, and scalability. Different types of hosting, such as shared hosting, dedicated hosting, cloud hosting, and virtual private servers (VPS), offer different levels of resources and control to accommodate various website needs and traffic levels.

Overall, web hosting plays a crucial role in making websites accessible and available to internet users worldwide.

What is a host?

a host refers to a web hosting provider or service that offers the infrastructure and resources necessary to make your website accessible on the internet.

When you create a website, you typically need to store its files, data, and content on a server that is connected to the internet. This server is provided by a web hosting company, which acts as the host for your website.

Here are a few key points about website hosting:

  1. Server Storage: The web host provides server space where you can store your website’s files, including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, images, videos, and other media.
  2. Server Management: The web host is responsible for managing the server’s hardware, software, and network infrastructure to ensure your website is accessible and performs optimally.
  3. Website Accessibility: The web host makes your website available to visitors by assigning it an IP address and ensuring that the server responds to requests for your website’s content.
  4. Domain Name: While not strictly part of hosting, many web hosting providers also offer domain registration services or allow you to connect your registered domain to their servers. This helps visitors access your website using a memorable domain name (e.g., www.example.com).
  5. Resource Allocation: Depending on the hosting package you choose, web hosts may provide different levels of resources, such as disk space, bandwidth, databases, email accounts, and security features.

It’s important to choose a reliable web hosting provider that suits your website’s needs in terms of performance, security, support, and scalability.

how to host a website

How to host a website?

To host a website, you generally need to follow these steps:

Plan your website: Determine the purpose, content, and structure of your website. Decide on the technologies you’ll use (such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, or a content management system like WordPress) and gather all the necessary files and assets.

Choose a web hosting provider: Research and select a web hosting provider that suits your needs in terms of features, reliability, performance, customer support, and cost. Popular hosting providers include Bluehost, SiteGround, HostGator, and DreamHost.

Register a domain (if necessary): If you haven’t already registered a domain, you can either register one with your chosen hosting provider or use a separate domain registrar. A domain name gives your website a unique web address (e.g., www.yourwebsite.com).

Set up your hosting account: Sign up for a hosting account with your chosen provider and complete the necessary registration and payment process. Once done, you’ll receive login credentials and access to your hosting control panel.

Configure DNS settings: If you registered your domain separately, you’ll need to point your domain’s DNS (Domain Name System) settings to your web hosting provider. This involves updating the domain’s DNS records to include the nameservers provided by your hosting provider.

Upload your website files: Use an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) client or the hosting provider’s provided file manager to upload your website files to the server. Typically, you’ll place your website files in the “public_html” or “www” directory.

Set up databases (if needed): If your website requires a database (e.g., for dynamic content or a content management system), create a database through your hosting control panel. Take note of the database details (e.g., hostname, database name, username, password) as you’ll need them during the website setup process.

Configure website settings: Depending on your website’s requirements, you may need to adjust settings such as file permissions, email accounts, SSL certificates (for secure connections), and other server configurations. These settings can usually be managed through your hosting control panel.

Test your website: Once your website is uploaded and configured, access it through your domain name or the temporary URL provided by your hosting provider. Make sure all pages and functionality are working correctly.

Launch your website: Once you’re satisfied with the testing, you can officially launch your website by promoting its URL and making it accessible to the public.

Remember to regularly update and maintain your website, including applying security patches, backing up data, and monitoring performance to ensure a smooth and secure hosting experience.

Types of host

  1. Shared web hosting
  2. Managed web hosting
  3. Dedicated hosting
  4. cloud hosting
  5. Reseller web hosting
  6. Virtual dedicated server
  7. Colocation web hosting service
  8. Clustered hosting
  9. Grid hosting
  10. Home server

Here is a description of each type of web hosting:

Shared Web Hosting

In shared web hosting, multiple websites are hosted on a single server, sharing its resources such as storage, bandwidth, and processing power. It is a cost-effective option for small to medium-sized websites with moderate traffic.

Managed Web Hosting

Managed hosting involves a hosting provider taking care of server management tasks such as hardware setup, software updates, security, and technical support. This allows website owners to focus on their content and business without worrying about server maintenance.

Dedicated Hosting

With dedicated hosting, you have an entire server dedicated solely to your website. This offers higher performance, customization options, and greater control over server settings. Dedicated hosting is suitable for high-traffic websites or those with specific requirements.

Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting utilizes a network of interconnected servers, allowing for scalability, flexibility, and redundancy. Your website’s resources are distributed across multiple servers, reducing the risk of downtime and providing high availability. It is suitable for websites with fluctuating traffic and resource needs.

Reseller Web Hosting

Reseller hosting allows individuals or companies to sell web hosting services using resources allocated to them by a hosting provider. It enables entrepreneurs to start their web hosting business without having to manage the infrastructure themselves.

Virtual Dedicated Server (VDS) or Virtual Private Server (VPS)

A VDS/VPS is a virtual server created by partitioning a physical server into multiple virtual instances. Each virtual server operates independently, with its own resources and operating system. VDS/VPS hosting offers more control and customization than shared hosting at a lower cost compared to dedicated hosting.

Colocation Web Hosting Service

Colocation hosting involves renting server space in a data center and providing your own physical server hardware. The hosting provider offers the necessary infrastructure, power, cooling, and network connectivity while you retain full control over your server configuration.

Clustered Hosting

Clustered hosting involves a group of interconnected servers working together to host websites. It provides increased reliability and load balancing by distributing incoming traffic across multiple servers. If one server fails, another server in the cluster takes over, ensuring minimal downtime.

Grid Hosting

Grid hosting utilizes a network of servers that act as a virtual grid, dynamically allocating resources based on demand. It offers scalability, reliability, and high performance by harnessing the collective power of multiple servers.

Home Server

A home server refers to hosting a website on a server located at your own residence. This approach requires technical knowledge, proper hardware setup, and network configuration. It is suitable for personal websites or projects with low traffic and limited requirements.

When choosing a hosting type, consider factors such as your website’s needs, anticipated traffic, budget, scalability requirements, technical expertise, and the level of control you desire.

Why we need a hosting?

We need web hosting for several reasons:

Website Accessibility

Hosting allows your website to be accessible to users on the internet. When you have a hosting service, your website files are stored on servers that are connected to the internet. This enables visitors to access your website by typing its domain name or URL into a web browser.

Server Resources

Web hosting provides the necessary server resources to store your website files, data, and content. These resources include disk space to store files, bandwidth to handle incoming and outgoing data traffic, and processing power to handle website operations and user requests.

Reliable Performance

Hosting services often offer robust infrastructure and network connectivity, ensuring that your website remains available and performs reliably. Hosting providers have optimized servers, redundant hardware, and network systems to minimize downtime and maintain website uptime.

Technical Support

Hosting companies typically provide technical support to assist you with any issues related to server management, website configuration, security, and troubleshooting. Their support teams can help resolve technical problems and provide guidance in maintaining and optimizing your website.

Data Storage and Backups

Hosting services offer data storage capabilities, allowing you to store website files, databases, media assets, and other important data. They often provide backup solutions to protect your data and ensure it can be recovered in case of accidental loss or system failures.

Domain and Email Management

Many hosting providers also offer domain registration services or allow you to connect your registered domain to their servers. Additionally, hosting services often provide email hosting, allowing you to create and manage professional email accounts using your domain name (e.g., yourname@yourwebsite.com).


Hosting services offer scalability options to accommodate the growth of your website. As your website’s traffic and resource requirements increase, you can typically upgrade your hosting plan or allocate additional resources to meet the demand.


Hosting providers implement security measures to protect your website and data from potential threats, such as malware, hacking attempts, and data breaches. They often offer features like firewalls, SSL certificates, regular software updates, and monitoring to enhance website security.

In summary, web hosting is essential for making your website accessible, providing the necessary resources and support, ensuring reliable performance, enabling data storage and backups, and offering security measures to protect your website and its visitors.

What is a domain and its importance?

A domain is the unique address that identifies a website on the internet. It is the human-readable part of a website’s URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and typically consists of a memorable name followed by a top-level domain (TLD), such as .com, .org, or .net. For example, in the URL “www.example.com,” “example.com” is the domain.

The importance of a domain lies in the following aspects:

  1. Branding and Identity: A domain provides your website with a distinct online identity and serves as a representation of your brand or organization. It allows you to choose a name that reflects your business, product, or service, making it easier for visitors to remember and associate with your website.
  2. Online Presence: A domain is crucial for establishing a professional online presence. It allows you to have a dedicated web address where users can access your website and engage with your content, products, or services. Without a domain, your website would only be accessible through the server’s IP address, which is less user-friendly and not conducive to building a recognizable brand.
  3. Credibility and Trust: Having your own domain enhances the credibility and trustworthiness of your website. It gives the impression that you are a legitimate and established entity, rather than a generic or amateur website hosted on a free platform. Visitors tend to trust websites with custom domains more than those with generic or subdomain-based URLs.
  4. Search Engine Optimization (SEO): A relevant and keyword-rich domain can positively impact your website’s search engine rankings. Search engines consider the domain name as one of the factors when determining the relevance and authority of a website. Having a domain that aligns with your content and target keywords can help improve your website’s visibility in search engine results.
  5. Email Communication: A domain allows you to create professional email addresses using your domain name (e.g., yourname@yourdomain.com). This gives your communication a more professional and branded touch compared to using generic email services. It contributes to building trust and reinforces your brand identity.
  6. Portability and Control: When you have your own domain, you have control over your website’s location and can easily move it between hosting providers if needed. You are not tied to a specific platform or hosting service, giving you the flexibility to adapt to changing needs or circumstances.

It’s important to choose a domain name carefully, considering its relevance, memorability, and alignment with your brand or website’s purpose. Registering a domain gives you exclusive rights to use it for a specified period, typically renewable annually or for longer durations.

How to buy a domain name?

There are many such domain providers companies in the internet where you can do domain perches to get a domain and you can see the features and plans of those domains.

Best domain companies

  1. Godaddy
  2. Namecheap
  3. Bigrock
  4. Hostgator


Buy Domain in GoDaddy

To buy a domain simple you can go to any domain providers, for example Godaddy.Com


To buy a domain from GoDaddy, you can follow these steps:

  1. Visit the GoDaddy website: Go to the GoDaddy homepage at www.godaddy.com.
  2. Search for your desired domain: On the homepage, you’ll find a search box where you can enter the domain name you want to purchase. Type in the domain name and click on the “Search Domain” button.
  3. Review the search results: GoDaddy will display the availability of the domain you searched for. If your domain is available, you’ll see it listed along with other related domain options. If your domain is not available, you can try searching for alternative domain names.
  4. Choose your domain: Select the domain you want to purchase from the available options. You can also add additional domain-related services or features, such as privacy protection or email hosting, by selecting the checkboxes next to them.
  5. Add to cart: After selecting your domain and any additional services, click on the “Continue to Cart” button. This will add your selected items to the shopping cart.
  6. Review your order: On the cart page, you can review the items you have selected, including the domain name and any additional services. You can make changes or remove items if needed.
  7. Create a GoDaddy account: If you don’t already have a GoDaddy account, you’ll need to create one. Click on the “Continue” button and follow the prompts to set up your account.
  8. Provide contact information: Enter your contact information, including your name, email address, phone number, and other required details. This information is needed for domain registration purposes.
  9. Choose registration length: Select the desired registration length for your domain. You can typically choose from one to ten years, depending on your preference.
  10. Complete the purchase: Review your order summary, including the total cost, and proceed to the payment page. Provide your payment information and follow the prompts to complete the purchase.
  11. Domain ownership verification: After completing the purchase, you may need to verify your ownership of the domain. GoDaddy may send an email to the email address you provided during the registration process with instructions on how to verify your ownership.

Once the domain purchase is complete and ownership is verified, the domain will be registered in your name and you will have control over its settings and management through your GoDaddy account.

Best web hosting for wordpress

There are a lot of hosting companies available in the internet but today among them lets talk about 4 hosting which is a bit good.


There are several web hosting providers that are well-regarded for hosting WordPress websites. The “best” option for you will depend on your specific needs and preferences. However, here are some popular web hosting providers known for their WordPress hosting services:


You can see that you get 3 types of plans here. single web hosting,premium web hosting and business web hosting and their features are given below.

In single web hosting you can only host 1 website as you see and you cannot get a domain for free. i suggest you go for premium web hosting,their you can get a domain for free and add 100 websites which is a great deal. 24/7 customer support.

If you do not have that much budget,then you can start with single web hosting.

which is a great deal too.one of the most important thing is that is SSL certificate which gets you free in all the plans.whose price Rs-855. we will talk about this last. why it is important?



SiteGround is another highly recommended hosting provider for WordPress. They offer managed WordPress hosting with features like automatic updates, daily backups, advanced caching, and a user-friendly interface.

A2 Hosting

A2 Hosting

A2 Hosting offers fast and optimized hosting solutions for WordPress. They provide features like automatic WordPress updates, free SSL certificates, and high-performance servers.



HostGator offers shared hosting plans that include WordPress hosting. They provide one-click WordPress installation, unlimited storage, and a user-friendly control panel.

What is SSL certificate?

SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer, to understand SSL let us first understand the difference between HTTP and HTTPS.

HTTP: whenever data transfer occurs.suppose i visited a website or type anything in the search bar. that data transfer happens to the server, it will be in plane text. meaning someone in the middle can read it by interrupting it.

http vs https

HTTPS: At the same time,if there is HTTPS, then it will be transfer to the encrypted format,then no one can read it in between.

An SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate is a digital certificate that establishes an encrypted connection between a web server and a web browser. It provides secure communication and helps ensure that sensitive data transmitted between the two parties remains private and protected from unauthorized access.

The SSL certificate serves two primary purposes:

  1. Encryption: When an SSL certificate is installed on a web server, it enables secure communication by encrypting the data exchanged between the server and the user’s web browser. This encryption ensures that even if the transmitted data is intercepted, it is extremely difficult for anyone to decipher or manipulate the information.
  2. Authentication: SSL certificates also provide authentication, assuring visitors that they are communicating with the intended website and not an imposter or a malicious third party. The certificate verifies the website’s identity and establishes trust between the server and the user’s browser.

Here’s how SSL certificates work:

  1. When a user accesses a website with an SSL certificate, their browser initiates a secure connection request to the web server.
  2. The server responds by sending its SSL certificate, including its public key, to the browser.
  3. The user’s browser checks the validity and authenticity of the SSL certificate. It verifies if the certificate is issued by a trusted Certificate Authority (CA) and if it is still valid.
  4. If the SSL certificate is trusted and valid, the browser generates a unique session key and encrypts it using the server’s public key. This encrypted session key is sent to the server.
  5. The server uses its private key to decrypt the session key sent by the browser.
  6. Both the server and the browser now have the same session key. They use this key to encrypt and decrypt all further communication between them during the session.

The presence of an SSL certificate can be identified by the use of “https://” at the beginning of a website’s URL, as well as a padlock symbol in the browser’s address bar. These indicators signify that the website has a secure connection and that data exchanged between the user and the server is encrypted and protected.

Having an SSL certificate is crucial, especially for websites that handle sensitive information like personal data, login credentials, or financial transactions. It helps establish trust with visitors, protects data integrity, and safeguards against potential threats or attacks aimed at intercepting or manipulating transmitted data.

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