What is Debt Consolidation Loan? Meaning and Eligibility

Debt consolidation loans are financial products that allow individuals to combine multiple debts into a single loan.

The primary goal of debt consolidation is to streamline the repayment process and potentially reduce the overall cost of servicing the debt.

Benefits of debt consolidation loans include:

  • Simplified Repayment: Instead of managing multiple debts with different terms, borrowers only need to focus on one monthly payment.
  • Potentially Lower Interest Rates: If the consolidation loan has a lower interest rate than the average rate of the individual debts, it can result in cost savings over time.
  • Fixed Interest Rates: Some consolidation loans offer fixed interest rates, providing predictability for budgeting purposes.
  • Extended Repayment Terms: Consolidation loans may offer longer repayment terms, which can reduce the monthly payment amount, making it more manageable for the borrower.

Debt Consolidation Loan Meaning

A debt consolidation loan is a financial tool that enables individuals to combine multiple existing debts into a single loan. By doing so, borrowers simplify their repayment process with a unified monthly payment and potentially lower overall interest rates. It aims to make managing and paying off debts more manageable and cost-effective.

how does a debt consolidation loan work?

A debt consolidation loan simplifies your repayment process by combining multiple debts into one fixed-rate installment loan. With this type of loan, the interest rate remains constant, and you make a predictable monthly payment.

If you have various debts with different interest rates and minimum payments, a debt consolidation loan allows you to pay off those debts, leaving you with just one manageable monthly payment.

For example, if you have credit card debts with varying balances and APR, a consolidation loan could help you save on interest costs.

By consolidating these debts into a single 12-month personal loan with a lower APR, you can significantly reduce your overall interest expenses, making it a more cost-effective and streamlined approach to managing your debt.

To calculate potential savings, consider using credit card payoff and personal loan calculator.

debt consolidation companies
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debt consolidation loan rates

Debt consolidation loan rates depend on a few things, like your credit score and the type of loan you want. If you have a higher credit score, you’ll likely get a lower interest rate.

There are two main types of loans: secured, where you offer something valuable as security, and unsecured, where you don’t need to provide collateral. Secured loans often have lower interest rates because they’re less risky for the lender. The way interest rates work can also be different.

Some stay the same (fixed), while others can change (variable). Different lenders may have different rules and rates, so it’s a good idea to shop around and compare before choosing a debt consolidation loan.


To apply for a debt consolidation loan, you need to provide the following documents:

  • PAN Card
  • Form 60 (Only if PAN card is unavailable)
  • Any 1 Official Valid Document (OVD) from the following options:
    • Valid Passport with expiry date, photograph, and signature
    • Aadhaar card issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)
    • Voter’s ID issued by the Election Commission of India
    • Driving license issued by regional transport authority
    • Job card issued by the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) and duly signed by a state government officer
    • National Population Register containing details of name and address

debt consolidation loan for bad credit

While it may be more challenging to secure a debt consolidation loan with bad credit, it’s not impossible. Individuals with bad credit may face higher interest rates and more limited options, but there are still potential solutions. Here are some avenues to explore if you’re considering a debt consolidation loan with bad credit:

  1. Secured Loans: A secured loan requires collateral, such as a vehicle or property. Because there’s less risk for the lender, individuals with bad credit might have a better chance of approval. However, it’s essential to consider the risk of losing the collateral if you fail to make payments.
  2. Co-Signer: Having a co-signer with better credit can improve your chances of getting approved for a debt consolidation loan. Keep in mind that the co-signer is equally responsible for the loan, and their credit may be affected if payments are missed.
  3. Specialized Lenders: Some lenders specialize in providing loans to individuals with bad credit. These lenders may be more flexible in their approval criteria, but the interest rates could be higher.
  4. Credit Unions: Credit unions may offer more lenient terms compared to traditional banks. They often consider factors beyond credit scores when evaluating loan applications.
  5. Online Lenders: Online lenders may have more flexible lending criteria than traditional financial institutions. Be cautious and thoroughly research any online lender to ensure legitimacy and fair terms.

how to get a debt consolidation loan?

  • Check Credit Score: Know your creditworthiness before applying.
  • Assess Debts: Identify debts and their interest rates for consolidation.
  • Research Banks: Explore banks offering debt consolidation loans.
  • Gather Documentation: Collect proof of identity, income, and existing debts.
  • Visit Bank: Schedule a meeting with a loan officer, either online or in person.
  • Complete Application: Fill out the loan application with accurate details.
  • Provide Documentation: Submit required documents to support your application.
  • Wait for Approval: Be patient during the bank’s review process.
  • Review Loan Terms: Carefully examine interest rates, fees, and repayment terms.
  • Accept the Loan: If satisfied, sign the agreements to accept the loan offer.
  • Receive Funds: The bank disburses funds for you to pay off existing debts.
  • Manage Repayments: Set up a system to ensure timely payments on the consolidation loan.


What is a debt consolidation loan?

A debt consolidation loan is a financial product that allows individuals to combine multiple debts into a single loan. The goal is to simplify repayments and, in some cases, reduce overall interest costs.

What types of debts can be consolidated?

Common debts eligible for consolidation include credit card balances, personal loans, medical bills, and other unsecured debts. Secured debts, like mortgages, are typically not consolidated through these loans.

What are the benefits of debt consolidation?

Benefits include simplified repayment with one monthly payment, potentially lower interest rates, fixed repayment terms, and the opportunity to pay off debts faster.

Can I get a debt consolidation loan with bad credit?

Yes, it’s possible, but individuals with bad credit may face higher interest rates. Exploring options like secured loans, co-signers, or specialized lenders might improve eligibility.

How do I choose the right debt consolidation loan?

Consider factors like interest rates, fees, repayment terms, and eligibility criteria. Compare offers from various lenders, and seek advice from financial professionals if needed.

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