What is a Credit Card? Features, Benefits and Types

Credit cards are super important because they make it easy to handle money. You can use them to pay for things quickly without carrying cash around.

It also help you build a good money history, which is needed to borrow money later. In emergencies, they’re like a safety net, giving you instant access to funds.

Protect you from fraud and offer cool rewards like cashback or free stuff. To use them wisely, stick to a budget, pay your bills on time, and keep your spending in check.

It’s also smart to keep an eye on your card activity to catch any strange charges.

By using credit cards smartly, you can make the most of their benefits and avoid getting into debt.

what is a credit card?

A credit card is a plastic card issued by a financial institution, such as a bank or credit union, that allows the cardholder to borrow funds to make purchases or pay for services.

Credit cards are a form of revolving credit, meaning that the cardholder can use the card repeatedly up to a predetermined credit limit.

Unlike debit cards, which are linked directly to a bank account and draw funds from it, credit cards involve borrowing money that must be paid back, either in full by the due date or over time with interest.

Features of a credit card:

  • Credit Limit: The maximum amount of money that the cardholder is allowed to borrow using the credit card. The credit limit is determined by the credit card issuer based on the cardholder’s creditworthiness.
  • Interest Rate (APR): The annual percentage rate (APR) represents the cost of borrowing on the card. If the cardholder does not pay the full balance by the due date, interest is charged on the remaining balance.
  • Grace Period: The period during which the cardholder can pay the outstanding balance in full without incurring interest charges. Typically, this period is between 21 and 25 days after the end of the billing cycle.
  • Minimum Payment: The smallest amount the cardholder must pay each month to keep the account in good standing. Paying only the minimum payment, however, will result in the accrual of interest on the remaining balance.
  • Statement: A monthly statement is provided to the cardholder, detailing all transactions, the current balance, the minimum payment due, and the due date.
  • Security Features: Credit cards often include security features such as a personal identification number (PIN), a signature panel, and, more recently, chip technology to enhance security.
  • Rewards and Perks: Many credit cards offer rewards programs, cash back, or other perks to incentivize card usage. These can include travel rewards, discounts, or points that can be redeemed for various benefits.

how does credit card work?

A credit card works like a short-term loan that you can use for making purchases.

When you get a credit card, the bank or financial institution sets a limit on how much you can borrow, known as your credit limit. You can use the card to buy things up to that limit.

Every month, the credit card company sends you a statement showing the purchases you made and the total amount you owe. You have a grace period, usually around 21 to 25 days, to pay the full amount without any interest charges.

If you don’t pay the full amount, the remaining balance carries over to the next month, and the credit card company charges you interest on that balance.

Make at least the minimum payment by the due date to avoid late fees and negative effects on your credit score.

Using a credit card responsibly and paying the balance on time can help you build a good credit history, while carrying a balance and missing payments can lead to debt and credit problems.

Which Credit Card is Best?

Choosing the right credit card might feel overwhelming, but it’s worth exploring your options.

There are many different cards out there, each offering unique benefits. Whether you want to earn rewards, get cashback, or enjoy special perks, there’s a card that’s perfect for you.

By learning more about the different types of cards available, you can find the one that fits your needs and lifestyle.

So, if you’re curious about finding the best credit card for you, keep reading to discover how it can benefit you and your finances. So Let’s explore more:

Types of Credit Cards – A Beginner Guide to Smart Choices

Knowing the different types of credit cards is important because it helps you choose the right one for your needs.

Whether you want cashback, travel rewards, or something else, each type offers different benefits.

credit cards in india

Axis Bank Credit CardICICI Credit CardYes Bank Credit CardKotak Credit Card
IDFC Credit CardIndusInd Bank Credit CardBOI Credit CardUCO Bank Credit Card
HDFC Credit CardSBI Credit CardBOB Credit Card

Other Popular Credit Cards

how to use credit card?

To use a credit card wisely, first, understand the rules that come with it, like how much you can spend (credit limit) and any fees.

Make a plan for your money by creating a budget that shows what you earn and spend each month.

Only use the credit card for things you really need and planned expenses, not for things you don’t really need.

Try to pay the full amount you spent on the card every month before the due date to avoid extra charges.

There’s usually a period where you can do this without paying interest, so take advantage of that.

Always check your credit card bill to make sure everything is correct, and if you find a mistake, let the credit card company know.

Set up reminders to make sure you pay on time, as paying late can cost you more money.

Don’t use your credit card to get cash because it can be expensive. Keep an eye on how much of your credit limit you’re using, and try to stay below it.

Lastly, keep your card safe, report it if it’s lost, and be careful with your card details. Following these steps will help you use your credit card wisely and avoid problems.

how to get a credit card?

You can apply for a credit card through various channels, providing flexibility based on your preferences.

Most banks and credit unions offer credit cards, and you can apply either by visiting a local branch or through their online platforms.

Major credit card issuers like Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover allow direct online applications through their websites.

Many retail stores and online retailers offer their own credit cards, often providing exclusive discounts and rewards for their customers.

To explore a variety of options and compare credit cards, you can use online comparison sites that aggregate information from different issuers.


How many credit cards should I have?

It varies for each individual, but generally, it’s advisable to have a manageable number of credit cards. Having a few cards can help build credit, but having too many may lead to financial strain. Consider your financial habits, credit score, and ability to manage multiple accounts responsibly.

What is a secured credit card?

A secured credit card requires a cash deposit as collateral, typically equal to the credit limit. It’s a useful option for individuals with limited or poor credit history, as it helps build or rebuild credit. Responsible use of a secured card can lead to an upgrade to an unsecured card over time.

What is a credit card balance?

A credit card balance is the total amount you owe on your credit card, including purchases, fees, and interest charges. It’s crucial to pay off the balance in full each month to avoid interest accrual. The balance is reflected on your monthly credit card statement.

How to pay off credit card debt?

To pay off credit card debt, start by organizing your debts, create a budget, and allocate extra funds towards paying off high-interest debts first. Consider debt consolidation, negotiate lower interest rates, and avoid accumulating additional debt. Consistent payments and financial discipline are key.

How to pay a credit card bill?

You can pay your credit card bill through various methods, including online banking, mailing a check, or setting up automatic payments. Online payments are often the most convenient, allowing you to transfer funds from your bank account to your credit card electronically.

What is APR (Annual Percentage Rate) on a credit card?

APR is the cost of borrowing on a credit card, expressed as an annual interest rate. It includes interest and certain fees. Understanding the APR is crucial as it determines the interest charged on any remaining balance if you don’t pay your credit card bill in full by the due date.

How to get cash from a credit card?

You can get cash from a credit card through a cash advance. However, this option is expensive and usually involves high fees and immediate interest accrual. It’s advisable to explore alternatives, such as using a debit card or withdrawing cash from your bank account to avoid these extra costs.

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